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What is Ethereum and how it’s used?

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What is Ethereum? Basically, it is another digital currency or cryptocurrency that was based upon Bitcoin. It was developed to differ from bitcoin in some way and gained its own identity in the cryptocurrency market.

Ethereum, Ether, or ETH, is a kind of cryptocurrency whose blockchain, or ledger, is generated by the Ethereum platform. Ether coins or ETH can be exchanged between accounts and used to reward mining nodes participating in calculations or verifications accomplished. Ethereum dice and gambling is becoming very popular and may even take on Bitcoin dice and gambling.

What is Ethereum Virtual Machine (aka EVM)? EVM is basically a computer that can calculate anything in the scope of its program and make everything sync, like a guard in the system preventing any miner to lose their course or prevent attacks.

What is Ethereum Classic? In 2016, The DAO project collapsed from users who abused a weak spot in the system. Ethereum became split into two separate blockchains. The new, separated version is named Ethereum (ETH), and the original continues to use the name – Ethereum Classic.

Ethereum’s starting point

Ethereum was first described in a white paper or proposal by Vitalik Buterin, a cryptocurrency researcher and programmer in the late 2013. He got the term Ether and the idea behind it while browsing for elements and science fiction materials on Wikipedia.

The Ethereum software project starts at the beginning of 2014 through Ethereum Switzerland GmbH, Swiss compnay (EthSuisse). The development was helped by an online crowd sale, using bitcoins. It happened in the same year between July and August. Ethereum system went public on 30 July 2015.

What is Ethereum’s difference between bitcoin?

The primary difference is their block time, or the rate of which the ledger is processed and verified. Ethereum only needs 14 to 15 seconds compared with the snail speed of 10 minutes for bitcoin.

Mining of Ethereum generates new coins at a usually consistent speed and with consistent values. Ethereum occasionally changes during hard forks, like what happened to the DAO project collapse. For bitcoin, the value rate halves every 4 years. For proof-of-work coin mining, Ethereum uses the Ethash algorithm which lessens the advantage of dedicated ASICs computer chip.

Ethereum uses an account system where certain values are withdrawn from 1 account and credited to another. It is opposed to Bitcoin’s more analogous system of spending cash and receiving change in return with its UTXO system.

Presently, there is no cap applied on the maximum quantity of Ethereum coins, but it is likely to end at a certain point in the future, and become deflationary.

Ethereum can be traded by many online and physical currency traders, cryptocurrency wallets, and exchange sites. At least 150 stores, physical and online, accepted Ethereum from the January 2018.